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The Mughal Emperor Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar held his court in Lahore from 1584 to 1598 AD. Although most parts of the Royal fort were constructed around 1566 AD by the Mughal Emperor,Akbar the Great, there is a evidence that a mud fort was in existence here in 1021 AD as well, when mud fort and constructed most of the modern Fort, as we see it today, on the old foundations. Constructions of the fort dates back to the early Hindu period.

The Royal Fort is rectangular in shape (380 x 330 metres). Two main gates are located alongside the centre of the western and eastern walls. Every succeeding Mughal Emperor as well as the Sikhs, and the British in their turn, added a pavilion, palace, gates or wall to the Fort. The complete tour of the fort takes around oe and a half hour.

Emperor Jehangir extended the gardens and constructed the palaces that we see today in the Jehangir's Quadrangle, while Shah Jehan added Diwan-e-Khas, Moti Masjid (Pearl Mosque) and his own Sleeping Chambers. Aurangzeb built the impressive main gate which faces the Hazoori Bagh lying in between the Badshahi Mosque and the fort. the famous Sheesh Mahal or Place of Mirrors, is in the north-east corner of the fort. This is the most beautiful palace in the fort and is decorated with small mirrors of different colors set. The part of the wall of the elephant Steps towards the forts inner gate are scarred by bullet marks, bearing testimony to the Sikh Civil War of 1847 AD. A party of Sikhs had mounted their guns on one of the minarets of the mosque across the courtyard from where they fired on their opponents. the Sleeping Chamber of Mai Jindan houses a very interesting museum with relics from Mughal and the Sikh periods.

The origins of Lahore Fort are obscure and traditionally based on various myths. It is unknown who first built a fort there. According to some Hindu myths, its foundation was attributed to Loh, the mythical son of Lord Rama. However, the first historical reference to a fort ever actually existing on that location goes back to the 11th century, during the time of Mahmud of Ghazni. It was a weak mud fort that was subsequently destroyed. The earliest reference for this is that in the 1240s, it was destroyed by Mongols. After nearly 50 years, a new fort was constructed in its place by Balban of Mamluk dynasty of Delhi Sultanate. It was destroyed again around 1399 by the invading forces of Timur only to be rebuilt by Sultan Mubarak Shah Syed after 20 years. In the 1430s, the fort was occupied by Shaikh Ali of Kabul.

The present design and structure of the fort, however, traces its origins to the Mughals. In 1575, Mughal emperor Akbar occupied the fort, which was used to guard the northwest frontier of the kingdom. He rebuilt the fort with solid bricks and lime and over time lofty palaces were built to which additional beauty was lent by luxuriant gardens. The other structures built by him included the Doulat Khana-e-Khas-o-Am, Jharoka-e-Darshan, and Masiti (or Masjidi) Gate. On the other hand, his structures were replaced by subsequent rulers. However the structures built by him were replaced by subsequent rulers. A ramp leads from Alamgiri Gate to Mussaman Burj Gate on the left and, on te right, to the Royal Kitchens. Maktab Khana was built by Jahangir in 1618. Shah Jahan built the Shah Burj, the Sheesh Mahal and the Naulakha Pavilion. His son Aurangzeb built the entrance, Alamgiri Gate in 1674, which is flanked by semi-circular towers with domes pavilions.

 

Structures

The strategic location of Lahore city between the Mughal territories and the strongholds of Kabul, Multan, and Kashmir necessitated the dismantling of the old mud-fort and fortification with solid brick masonry. The structure is dominated by Persian gardens influence that deepened with the successive refurbishments by subsequent emperors. The fort is divided into two sections: first the administrative section, which is well connected with main entrances, and includes gardens and Diwan-e-khas for royal audiences. The second, a private and concealed residential section is divided into courts in the north and accessible through elephant gate. It also contains Sheesh Mahal, spacious bedrooms and small gardens. The exterior walls are decorated with blue Persian Kashi tiles. The original entrance faces the Maryam Zamani Mosque and the larger Alamgiri gate opens towards Hazuri Bagh through the majestic Badshahi mosque.[24] Influence of Hindu architecture is seen in the zoomorphic corbels which does not show Mughal ones.

The Entrance  it through:

 

Diwan-i-Aam

The Diwan-i-Aam was the Hall of commons. It was built by Shah Jahan in 1628. The kings regularly had with the common people in this hall. Its design is similar to the Diwan-i-Aam at the Agra Fort. The hall has forty pillars and was built in front of a balcony. It was destroyed when a Sikh ruler Sher Singh bombarded the fort in his fight against Maharani Chand Kaur, the wife of Mahraja Kharak Singh. It was later restored by the British in 1849.

  

Sheesh Mahal

The Sheesh Mahal[note 2] is the palace of mirrors and was built by Mirza Ghiyas Begh, the father of Mumtaz Mahal around 1631 during the rule of Shah Jahan. It consists of a spacious hall with several halls behind. This was the harem of the fort. There is a marble perforated screen in the rear chamber which is carved of tendril, floral and geometrical patterns. Pietra dura work can be seen on its walls.

 

Khwabgah

 Khwabgah was the bedroom of Shah Jahan. It was built by Shah Jahan under the supervision of Wazir Khan in 1634 during his first visit to the city. It is the first building built by Shah Jahan in the fort. At present its decorations have vanished except for a trace of the marble which once might have beautified the façade.

 

Naulakha Pavilion

The pavilion was built during the reign of Shah Jahan for a cost of 9 lakh rupees. Situated in the west of Sheesh Mahal, the pavilion is rectangular in shape and prominent owing to its centrally arched and extraordinarily curved roof representing the unique feature of architecture during Shah Jahan reign. It reflects a mixture of contemporary traditions at the time of its construction of sloping-roof from Bengal and Baldachin from Europe, which makes evident the imperial as well as religious image of the pavilion. The marble shades of the pavilion are capped with merlons to hide view from the grounds.

 

Moti Masjid

Moti Masjid is a 17th-century mosque built inside the fort during the reign of Shah Jahan. It is constructed of white marble brought from Makrana. The facade is composed of cusped arches and engaged baluster columns, which has smooth and fine contours. It has three domes, a raised central pishtaq and two aisles of five bays.Unlike other contemporary mosques, which have three arches, this mosque has five arches in the facade. During the rule of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, it was forcibly converted into a Sikh temple called Moti Mandir.

 

Gates

Mughal Emperor Akbar built two gates. Akbari Gate was built in 1566 and now called Maseeti Gate. One of Akbar's wives built a mosque outside the gate around 1614. The other gate was replaced later by the Alamgiri Gate. The Alamgiri Gate is the entrance of the fort. It was built by Mughal emperor Aurangzeb in 1674. It has two semi-circular bastions where lotus petal design adorns at the base of it.

The Masti Gate is one of the thirteen gates located within the walled city. It is located on the east side of the Fort. The name "Masti" name comes from the word masjidi, relating to a mosque.

 

Sikh buildings

The Naag temple is a Sikh temple built by Chand Kaur, the wife of Kharak Singh who was the son of the then ruling Maharaja Ranjit Singh. The temple is square in plan and built on a raised platform. Its exterior walls are covered with fresco paintings. The temple also has a water-melon shaped dome. As of September 2011, it is a no-go area for the public as officials consider that they can vandalize it by graffiti. It also required more security, which the government was unable to afford.

Mai Jindan Haveli is of unknown origins and believed to be a Mughal structure but attributed to the Mai Jindan, Chand Kaur because of the extensive additions by the Sikhs. It is a two storied building where she is alleged to be murdered. Presently this building serves as a museum. Kharak Singh Haveli was the haveli of Kharak Singh, the heir to Ranjit Singh. It lies in the south-east of the Jahangir's Quadrangle. It was later occupied by the British where the first and the ground floor were used as a Commandant's Quarters and godown and servants house respectively. Currently it houses the archaeological survey office.

 

Khilwat Khana

Khilwat Khana was built by Shah Jahan in 1633 in the north of the Paen Bagh. It was the residence of the royal ladies of the court. The plinth and door frames are made of marble with a curvilinear roof. In the northwest of Khilwat Khana, lies a watch tower called Kala Burj. It was used as a summer pavilion. The topmost storey was built and used as bar during the British era. Its eave is interlocked with brick work.

 

Maktib Khana

Maktib Khana was constructed under the supervision of Mamur Khan during the reign of Mughal Emperor Jahangir. It was used as the entrance gate to the fort by the clerks. Besides, the fort also houses separate bath for royal men and women.

 

World Heritage Status

In 1980, Government of Pakistan nominated the fort for inclusion in UNESCO World Heritage Site based on the criteria i, ii, and iii together with the Shalimar. In the fifth meeting session held in Sydney in October 1981, the World Heritage Site committee added both the monuments to the list. However, in 2000, Pakistan sent a letter to the organization to include both the sites in List of World Heritage in Danger and sought help to restore the damaged part of the outer walls and hydraulic works of Shalamar Gardens. After years of extensive renovation and restoration work, they were removed from the list in June 2012.

At the end of your tour, you will come out of te Shish Mahel and turn to the right and down the broad, shallow steps f Hathi Paer (Elephant Path). This was the private entrance of the Royal Family leading straight to Shah Burj. As you leave the Fort through the Shah Burj Gate. You can notice 350 years old mosaics set into the outer face of the Fort wall.     (Source by: Wikipedia)

The Photo Galley

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Video 

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Zebunnisa was the talented and learned daughter of Aurangzeb. She was a great poetess and wrote under the pen name of “Makhfi”. Addressing the waterfall in the shalimar Garden,

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Wali Mohammad Mosque old masjid of Multan, which is still in good condition, is Masjid Ali Muhammad Khan, which is also known as Mosque Wali Muhammad Khan. It is an excellent building, situated in the busiest Chowk Bazaar of the city. It was builtby Nawab Ali Mohammad Khan Khakwani in 1757 (1171 A.H.) when he was the governor of Multan under Ahmad Shah Durrani. The mosque is provided with a reservoir for the ablutions, baths, and a large hall for prayers. During the Sikh period, the gateway of the Mosque was used as the courthouse of the Nazim, while its great hall was utilized for keeping the Granth, or the holy book of the Sikhs. The Mosque was restored to the Muslims by the British Government at the commencement of the British rule.

The Photo Gallery

The Lahore Museum, was originally established in 1865-66 on the site of the hall or building of the 1864 Punjab Exhibition and later shifted to its present site located on The Mall, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan in 1894.

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The Tomb of Allama Muhammad Iqbal (1873-1938), the great poet-philosopher who conceived the idea of Pakistan as a separate Muslim State, in on the left of the gate to the Badshahi Mosque. Built n 1951,

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Multan city has the distinction of being the birth place of three distinguished men in the history: Mohammad Tughlaq born in 13th century in a hamlet at the place which is now known as ‘Kotla Toleh Khan’. Emperor Bahlol Lodhi was born in Qazian wala Makannear Hussain Agahi. Ahmad Shah Abdali, the first Durrani sovereign of Afghanistan, was also born at Multan in 1722. The city of Multan is bouned on the north by depressed lying between it and the fort and on all other sides by a brick wall. It has six Gate Lohari gate, Pak gate, Bohar gate, Dehli gate, Haram gate and Daulat gate. The odl city has narrow colourful bazaars full of local handicrafts and narrow winding lanes. There are many places of historical, cultural and recreational interest in the city.

Geography and climate

The city of Multan is located in Punjab. The nearest major cities are Dera Ghazi Khan and Bahawalpur. The area around the city is a flat, alluvial plain and is ideal for agriculture, with many citrus and mango farms. There are many canals that cut across the Multan District, providing water from nearby farms. This makes the land very fertile. However land close to the Chenab River is usually flooded in the monsoon season.

Multan features an arid climate with very hot summers and mild winters. The city witnesses some of the most extreme weather in the country. The highest recorded temperature is approximately 52 °C (126 °F), and the lowest recorded temperature is approximately −1 °C (30 °F). The average rainfall is roughly 186 millimetres (7.3 in). Dust storms are a common occurrence within the city.

Education

In 1950, then-Governor Abdur Rub Nishtar founded Nishtar Medical College. Doctor graduates of this institution have spread across the world, and many have become established names in the field of medicine. The new Nishtar Institute of Dentistry provides dental and surgical services to Multan and the adjoining cities. The pioneer Punjab Government-chartered Institute of Southern Punjab Multan is the 2nd largest institute in Multan and third largest in South Punjab. It was the first Education Institute in Punjab, and is the only private institute recognized by HEC in Multan.

Multan Public School & College is a public institution in Multan City for providing quality education to the students of Multan as well as the other southern backward areas of Multan. Multan Public School, known as a Divisional Public School, provides boarding facilities for the students of far-flung areas. Multan Public School has a fleet of Hino Buses for pick and drop of the students.

Air University Multan is a leading Public sector University providing state of the art Higher Education at affordable fee. Air University Multan Campus AUMC has established new standards of Excellence in Academia in southern Punjab with diverse culture of Research & Development in Science & Technology.

Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Technology (PIET) is the new engineering college in Multan. It offers BSc Electrical, Civil and Mechanical engineering.

The NFC Institute of Engineering and Technological Training Multan (NFC-IET) is the training center of the National Fertilizer Corporation (NFC) of Pakistan. It is an engineering college serving mainly the areas of Southern Punjab province. It is one of the leading institutes in chemical engineering in Pakistan.

Bahauddin Zakariya University (formerly known as Multan University) is the main source of higher education for this region. The Swedish Institute of Technology in Multan is a campus of the Swedish Group of Technical Institutes, the largest private-sector organization providing technical education and vocational training in the Punjab. Multan Medical and Dental College is the only private medical institution in Southern Punjab. Now more universities from federal are also opening campuses in Multan, such as AIR university, NUML (National University of Modern Languages), and MMDC (Multan Medical and Dental College), a private medical college. The Government High School Rid, Moza Rid, Chk 2 Faiz Multan is affiliated to BISE Multan and shows satisfactory results at secondary education level.

The Photo Gallery

The Quaid-e-Azam Library is a public library  in located within the Bagh-e-Jihhan in Lahore, Punjab-Pakistan. The Library was constructed in the mid-19th century during the British Raj  compromises of Victorian era  Lawrence and Montgomery halls.

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These are two masterpieces from the time of the brilliant Mughal civilization, which reached its height during the reign of the Emperor Shah Jahan. The fort contains marble palaces and mosques decorated with mosaics and gilt.

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Nathia Gali or Nathiagali is a mountain resort town or hill station in Abbottabad District ofKhyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. It is a part of the Galyat range, where several hill-stations are situated, closely connected to each other, and with their names mostly

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The Zamzama Gun, also known as Kim’s Gun or Bhangianwala Toap is a large bore cannon. It was cast in 1762  in Lahore, now in Pakistan but at the time part of the Durrani Empire. It is currently on display in front of the Lahore Museum in Lahore, Pakistan.

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The Samadhi of Ranjit Singh is a building housing the memorial vases of the Sikh ruler Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1780 - 1839). It is located near the Lahore Fort and Badshahi Mosque in Iqbal Park in Lahore, Pakistan which is one of the largest urban parks in Pakistan.

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Ghora Gali is one of the tourist mountain resort towns of the Galyat area of northern Pakistan. It has an elevation of 1691m and is located in the northeastern tip of the Punjab province of Pakistan. Ghora Gali is also a Union council, an administrative subdivision, of Murree

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Minar-e-Pakistan  is a public monument located in Iqbal Park which is one of the largest urban parks in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. The tower was constructed during the 1960s on the site where, on 23 March 1940,

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Hazuri Bagh is a garden in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan, between the Badshahi Mosque and Lahore Fort. The square garden was originally built by Aurangzed as a serai, or Moghul hoel. He also reviewed his troops here.

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Khaira Gali is one of the tourist mountain resort towns of the Galyat area of Pakistan, it has an altitude of 2347m. Khaira Gali is located in Palak which is a Union Council of Abbottabad District in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. This hill station was also used

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Shakir Ali Museum or Official Birthplace of Artist Shakir Ali was a family home museum in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. The museum was inaugurated after the death of famous artist and painter Shakir Ali's death.

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Alamgiri Gate built by Mughal emperor Aurangzeb in 1674 at the same time as the Badshahi Mosque opposite and located at the western end of the fort Lahore-Pakistan. The Alamgiri Gate is the entranceof the Lahore Fort.

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The Noor Mahal is a palace in Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan. It was built in 1872 like an Italian chateau on neoclassical lines, at a time when modernism had set in. It belonged to the Nawab of Bahawalpur princely state, during British Raj. There are various stories regarding

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Bagh-e-Jinnah (or Jinnah's Garden) is a historical park in the city of Lahore. It was formerly known as Lawrence Gardens. Today, the large green space contains a botanical garden, Masjid Dar-ul-Islam, and Quaid-e-Azam Library situated in a Victorian building.

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From the corner of this court steps (Maktab khaa) lead Moti Masjid, the quiet and secluded Pearl Mosque built by Shah Jahan in 1644. Shah Jahan later built a similar mosque in the Agra Red Fort in 1654; Aurangzeb

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The only Palace which is far more superior to all others in terms of elegance and glory is named Sadiq Garh Palace. This Palace was established in 1882 by His Highness Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan (IV). This Palace was constructed under the supervision of expert engineers with a cost of fifteen lac rupees. The work of construction almost continued ten years. After the completion of the palace it was inaugurated in the presence of a majestic court.

There is huge wall all around the palace and there are lush green lawns inside it with beautiful plants having colorful flowers. This sky building is a masterpiece of beauty. There is a bastion in every corner of the palace placed like this that it seems like a soldier on his duty to protect. There is beautiful dome in the center of the building which looks more beautiful in night when it is glowing with lights of different colors.

There verandas all around the building. There are cellars under the bastions where instead of electric light natural light is also arranged. Inside the Central Senate there is court hall and sets with all accessories are placed on both sides especially for respected guests. From rest room to drawing room, dressing room, wash room and office are glorious. The floors, roofs and walls are beautifully designed.

All the material and furniture is of best quality. There are big mirrors and lamps in the rooms and the chairs, tables and beds are of same colors. The beautiful art norms and lovely curtains are increasing its beauty.

The Durbar hall is worth visiting. In this huge hall the kingly plank is placed and behind the plank there is a big mirror. It is said about this mirror that when it arrived Karachi through the sea way it was loaded on special trucks to take it to Bahawalpur. Many platforms of different railway stations were expanded because of this mirror.

There is a beautiful shower in front the porch of the Palace increasing its majesty. There is also a zoo in the palace in which beautiful birds and animals from all over the world are kept. There is museum in which animals and birds are mummified using chemical methods and are kept under good care.

The map of the palace is made up with such expertness that the palace looks like a garden from all its views and the desert area also comes in front of it. There are gardens all around the palace but from the northern door one can see pools of water and form the other side of the door desert can also be viewed. There is also a library in the palace in which some rare books in English, Urdu, Persian and Arabic on different topics are available. All palaces of Bahawalpur are constructed considering Islamic ways because if any palace is constructed using European or any other style but bastions and domes are always there.

Because most of the palaces were constructed during the governance of Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan (IV) it can be said that he was the King of Bahawalpur. He had fondness of establishing new buildings so most of the important buildings in Bahawalpur are put up by His Highness. The Sadiq Manzil, Mubarik Manzil and Rahat Manzil are also gifted by His Highness.

Jallo Park (sometimes called Jallo Wildlife Park), established in 1978, is a public recreation and wildlife site located in Lahore District, Punjab, Pakistan. Spread over an area of 461 acres (187 ha), it is one of the three main wildlife parks located in Lahore,

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The Multan Fort, a military installation, was a landmark of Indian defence and architecture. According to some estimates the original fort was built between 800 and 1000 B.C. It was built near the city of Multan, in Punjab province, on a hillock separated from the city by the Ravi River.

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The Cholistan Desert also locally known as Rohi, sprawls 30 km (19 mi) from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan and covers an area of 26,300 km2 (10,200 sq mi) (Cholistan Desert covers the areas of Bahawalpur, Bhawalnagar and Rahimyar Khan). It adjoins the Thar Desert,

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Lahore Zoo Safari was opened on January 21, 2009, a renovation of Lahore Wildlife Park (also called Woodland Wildlife Park) which was established in 1982. The Safari is located on Raiwind Road about 30 kilometres (19 mi) from the Lahore Zoo.

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By Air

Multan has an airport about 4 kilo meter from the city. PIA and other airlines operate daily flights between Karachi, Lahore and Islamabad via Multan and vice versa.

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The Soon Valley is in the north west of Khushab District, Punjab, Pakistan. Its largest settlement is the town of Naushera. The valley extends from the village of Padhrar to Sakesar, the highest peak in the Salt Range.

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Baba Sain Mir Mohammed Sahib popularly known as Mian Mir or Miyan Mir, was a famous Sufi Muslimsaint who resided in Lahore, specifically in the town of Dharampura (in present-day Pakistan).

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Western and Pakistani dishes are served in the most the restaurants. Lassi, Sharbat and Faluda are the local cold drinks, Multani halwa(sweet preparation)is also famous. Amongst fruits, mangoes, water-melon, kino, orange, pomegranates, guavas

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Khabikki Lake is a salt water lake, located in the Soan Sakaser Valley in the southern Salt Range area in Khushab District, Punjab, Pakistan. This lake is formed due to the absence of drainage in the range. It is part of Uchhali Wetlands Complex

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The tomb of Ali Mardan Khan is accoessible by a 300 m long walkway by an interesting pattern of light and shade filtering through the lattice roof. Ali Mardan Khan was a noble at the court of safcid king. After surrender of Qandhar by Iranians to Emperor Shah Jehan in 1638e

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Local Handicrafts: Multan is famous for several of souvenirs. Multani khussa(shoes),embroidery work of all types, thread and Aar work, costumes for ladies, embroidered cloths or Kurtas for men painted and glazed earthen pottery,camel skin product,

carpets and lacquered wooden products etc. are available in the narrow colorful bazaar.

Shopping Centers:

Main shopping centers are Bazaar Hussain Agahi, Chowk Bazaar, Bhor Gate, Haram Gate, Dehli Gate, Lohari Gate and Pak Gate Bazaar in the old city and the cantonment shopping area.

Costumes:

The men in the ruler areas wears a ‘Pag; or ‘Patka’ (turban) or sometimes ‘Kulla,’ white or blue waist cloth or ‘Majhla’, a ‘chola’ or long shirt a ‘chader’ worn over the shoulders. In urban areas shalwar kameez and the western dress is common. Women wear shalwar ‘lehnga’ or ‘ghagra’, ‘chola’ and ‘kurti’ of big colours. Shorts sleeved ‘choli’ or ‘kurti’ is also worn in the rural areas. The head is covered with ‘Bochan’ or ‘duppata’ or embroidered and phulkari chadars.

Uchhali is a saltwater lake in Soan Sakaser Valley in the southern Salt Range area in Pakistan. This lake is formed due to the absence of drainage in the range. Sakaser, the highest mountain in the Salt Range at 1,522 metres (4,993 ft), looms over the lake.

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The tomb of Asif Khan, Jehangir’s Brother-in-law and father of Shah Jehan’s beloved Queen arjumand Bano, is on the oposite (west) side of the Akbari Sarai. A Passage on the left of handsome red sandstone mosque that stands opposite the gate of the Jehangir’s tomb,

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Religious festivals in Multan are a peculiar mixture of devotion and recreation. Multan is famous for its shrines. Annual urs is held on every shrine. Well known are the urs of Shah Rukn-e-Alam, Bahauddin Zakariya,Shah Shams Sabzwari, Shah Jamal, Sher Shah and Mela Ludden Pir.

Following his defeat of the Mughal emperor Humayun in 1541, Sher Shah Suri built a strong fortified complex at Rohtas, a strategic site in the north of what is now Pakistan. It was never taken by storm and has survived intact to the present day.

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The tomb of Asif Khan, Jehangir’s Brother-in-law and father of Shah Jehan’s beloved Queen arjumand Bano, is on the oposite (west) side of the Akbari Sarai. A Passage on the left of handsome red sandstone mosque that stands opposite the gate of the Jehangir’s tomb,

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Shaikh Syed Abul Hassab Musa Pak Shaheed was Sufi and his mausoleum is located at Multan, Punjab, Pakistan. Shaikh Syed Abul Hassab was son of Syed Hamid Bakhsh Gilani. He was martyred in 1592 AD (1001 H) during a civil war of Langah tribe,

when he received a bullet in his chest by chance. His shrine is situated in historical city of Multan. Syed Musa Pak buried near Pak Gate inside the wall city of Multan, Punjab, Pakistan. The Urs of Syed Musa Pak Shaheed takes place annually at his Mausoleum in Multan.

The Photo Gallery

Tilla Jogian, location of Tilla Jogian temple complex - a 1st-century BC Hindu and Sikh holy site, is the highest peak in the eastern Salt Range in Punjab, Pakistan. At 975 meters (3200 ft) above sea level, it is about 25 km to the west of Jhelum City city and 10 km west

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Zeb-un-Nisa (d. 1672), or Dai Anga ('wet-nurse' in Urdu), was the wet-nurse of Shah Jahan, and the wife of a courtier under Jahangir. A few paces distant from the Gulabi Bagh gateway, on the north, lies her splendid mausoleum.

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Within the city of Multan, Pakistan there is a shrine of Hazrat Muhammad Shah Yusaf Gardezi, commonly known as Shah Gardez, just inside the Bohar Gate. It is a rectangular domeless building decorated with glazed tiles, a work of considerable beauty.

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The Battle of the Hydaspes (or Jhelum) was fought by Alexander the Great in 326 BC against King Porus of the Paurava kingdom on the banks of the river Hydaspes (now known as the Jhelum) in the Punjab near Bhera, thought to be located at the site

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The tomb of Anarkali is one of the most significant buildings of the Mughal period. Ingeniously planned octagonal building, it is a memorial of the love-legend of Prince Saleem (Emperor Jahangir).

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The mausoleum of Shah Rukn-e-Alam is also situated on the fort mound. The Shaikh was the son of Pir Sadar-Al-Din Arif born at Multan on the 9th of Friday Ramazan 649/26 November 1251. He was the grandson and successor of Shaikh Baha-Al-Din Zakariya.

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Jalalpur Sharif is a city and a municipal board in Ambedkar Nagar district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The most prominent personality of the city is Anwar Jalalpuri, a Urdu poet who translated the Geeta in the Urdu language entitled "Urdu Shairi Mein Geeta".

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Jean Allard (1785-1839 AD) was a french General who joined Napoieon’s Army in 1803 AD. But after the waterioo battle, had to leave. Later, Allard served the army of Maharaja Ranjit Singh to train and administer the Sikh Army on European pattern.

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The Mausoleum is situated near Aam Khas garden outside Daulat Gate, Multan. The tomb has been built within a wall resembling a fortification. The tomb lies on a platform of marble and is surrounded by an area paved with marble and black slate. On the North

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The river Jhelum is navigable throughout the district, which forms the south-eastern portion of a rugged Himalayan spur, extending between the Indus and Jhelum to the borders of the Sind Sagar Doab. Its scenery is very picturesque, although not of so wild a character

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Kamran’s Baradari (12 Archways), the oldest Mughal builing in Lahore, was built in 1540 by Mirza Kamran, son of Babar and Step-brother of Humanyun. It was built as aa summer house

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Baha-ud-din Zakariya (1170-1267), also spelled as Bahauddin Zakariya, and also known as Baha-ul-Haq and Hazrat Bahauddin Zakariya Multani (Rahmatullah Alaih), was a Sufi of Suhrawardiyya order (tariqa). His full name was Abu Muhammad Bahauddin Zakariya.

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Lehri Nature Park is situated in Jhelum District, northern Punjab, Pakistan. The park is almost 90 kilometres on GT Road in the hilly Pothohar region from Islamabad and almost 40 kilometers from Jhelum City. It is 10 kilometres from GT Road. The park has lodgings

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The Tomb of Jahangir is a mausoleum built for Jahangir, who ruled the Mughal Empire from 1605 to 1627. The mausoleum is located in Shahdara Bagh in Lahore. The tomb of the fourth great Mughal Emperor Jehangir,

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Graveyard Bibi Pak Mai is situated near to City Railway Station Multan. Hazrat Bibi Pak Daman is the daughter in Law of Hazrat Bahauddin Zakariya (R.A), wife of Sheikh Sadar-ud-Din (R.A) and mother of Hazrat Shah Rukn-e-Alam (R.A). She was also known as Bibi Rasti.This graveyard is attributed to her tomb. In old times, there was a palace and a garden of Hazrat Bahauddin Zakariya at this place. There is a fountain known as Bibi Pak Daman tomb. There are graves of many women in the corridor of Bibi Rasti Mazar.

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The Khewra Salt Mine (or Mayo Salt Mine) is located in Khewra, north of Pind Dadan Khan, an administrative subdivision of Jhelum District, Punjab Region, Pakistan, which rises from the Indo-Gangetic Plain. It is Pakistan's largest and oldest salt mine and

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Nadira Begum was the wife of Dara Shikoh, the eldest son on Emperor Shah Jehan. She is buried is a square tomb near the shrine of Hazrat Mian Mir to whom the princely couple was spiritually attached.

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Shamsuddin Sabzwari (died 675 A.H. / 1276 C.E) was a Muslim Sufi missionary from Sabzawar in present-day Afghanistan. Shamsuddin Sabzwari arrived in Multan in early 1200C.E. in modern Pakistan, established a dargah and preached Islam to the local population.Shamsuddin Sabzwari is considered to be a Nizari Ismaili saint due to his poetry and the local traditions. Shamsuddin Sabzwari died in 1276 and his Mausoleum is located in Multan. The Urs of Shamsuddin Sabzwari takes place June of each year. InSouth Asia, by the propagation of Islam commenced after the demise of Prophet Mohammad and Sindh was first to receive the light of Islam. At about the same time, the followers and well-wisher of Ahle Bait had started propaganda and conversion on behalf of and for Hazrat Ali and his successive Imams, who were the rightful heirs of the Prophet. The sixth Imam, Hazrat lsmail bin Hazrat Imam Jafar-as-Sadiq, and the succeeding Ismaili Imams sent out Da'is (Missionaries) to the far corners of the then known world for propagation of the True Path (Seerat-al-Mustaqim or Sat Panth in Indian language).

Hazrat Shams Sabzwari too occupies a prominent position amongst the famous Ismaili 'Da'is. He was sent by the twenty-ninth Ismaili Imam, Hazrat Kassim Shah, to preach the Ismaili Nizari faith in South Asia.

Pir Shams conducted his missionary activities all over the North-western and Western parts of South Asia and in the context of vedic scripture vis-a-vis Al-Quran, revived the idea of the necessity of a Living Guide in the minds of his non-Muslim audiences, bringing thousands of them to the beneficial fold of Ismaili Islam.

It is given in the Noor-a--Mubin that Pir Shams was born at Sabzwar in Iran where he spent his childhood and adolescence in pursuit of education. Probably, in his twenties he spent working under the tilage of his father, Pir Salahuddin, in Sabzwari and perhaps in his early thirties succeeded his father and was assigned the Da'wa of Badakshan and Northern India. Conducting his missionary work with great ardour and zeal, his activities ranged from Badakshan, through Kashmir, and from Punjab, Sindh to Gujerat with Multan as his headquarters. As he spent the better part of his later years at or around Multan he was laid to rest there, hence he is also famous as Pir Shams Sabzwari Multani.

The Mausoleum of Hazrat Shamsuddin Sabzwari Multani ibn Hazrat Pir Sayed Salahuddinr located about half a mile to the east of the Multan Fort site, on the high bank of the old bed of the Ravi River near Aam-Khas Garden was born in 1200. He died in 1276 and the shrine was built by his grandson in 1330. The tomb is square, 30 feet (9.1 m) in height surmounted by a hemispherical dome. It is decorated with ornamental glazed tiles.

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Jhelum (Greek: Αλεξάνδρια Βυκεφάλους Alexandria Bucephalous) is a city on the right bank of the Jhelum River, in the district of the same name in the north of Punjab province, Pakistan. Jhelum is known for providing a large number of soldiers to the British Army

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The Empress Noor Jehan, “Light of the World” , was the only Mughal empress whose name appeared on the coins of Empire. She was buried in 1645 at Shahara outside Jehangir’s Meusloeum across the railway line.

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The devastation of khorasan and western iran was to the benefit of this part of Pakistan, for it led to the settling in this city of a large number of pious and learned men and nobles families like Gardezi Syeds and Qureshis from khwarzim, amongstwhom Sheikh Bahauddin Zakaria is a famous saint. About the same time Pir shams Sabzwari from sabzwari from sabzwar and Kazi Qutubuddin from kashan came to Multan. Baba Farid Shakar Ganj was born in a village of multan and settled in pakpattan. Khawaja Qutubuddin Bakhtiar Kaki paased through Multan to Dehli and Syed Jalal, the spiritual leader of many families in Multan, Muzaffargarh and Bahawalpur, came to Uch. Sultan Sakhi Sarwar’s father also emigrated from Bukhara to Sarwar Shah Kot in Multan district. These venerable men contributed greatly in speeding Islam in this area.

 

The saints and shrines of multan have been attracting a large number of devotees around the year. One of the foremost scholars of islam, Shaikh Bah-ud-din zikria’s shrine is located in the fort. He was born in 1170 AD, studied in Turan and Iran and received instructions from Shaikh Shahab-ud-Din Suharwardi at Baghdad. His mausoleum was built by the saint himself, it has a unique style of architecture of that period, it also houses the graves of the most of the eminent of the Qureshi family, including that of Nawab Muzafar Khan.

The mausoleum of Shah-Rukn-e-Alam, the grandson of Shaikh Bahauddin Zakaria, is located near the main gate of the Multan fort. He was a man of great religious and political influence during the Tughlaq reign and was in Multan when it was visited by Ibn-e-Batuta. The Mausoleum was originally built by emperor Ghayasud Din Tughlaq but was given up by his son Muhammad Tughlaq in favour of Shah-Rukn-e-Alam. Besides its religious importance, the Mausoleum has a unique architecture value. Its dome is considered to be the second largest in the world. The Mausoleum has recently been given the Agha Khan award for the best Muslim architecture. Some of the interesting
statistics of its architecture are:

  1. Total height above the road level is 150 ft
  2. Total height of building is 100 ft
  3. Octagonal upper structure diameter is 26 ft
  4. Octagonal lower structure diameter is 52 ft
  5. The dome on top has a diameter of 58 ft

The Mausoleum has very rich geometrical patterns , calligraphy and colourful floral, mosaic and glazed title work. The shrine is visited by devotees around the year.

The shrine of Hazrat shams Sabzwari is located near Aam-Khas Garden. A descendant of Imam Jaffar, he was born in 1165 AD. The saint died in 1276 AD and his shrine was built by his grandson in 1330 AD.

Shrines located in Multan

  1. Hazrat Ghous Bahauddin Zikria Multani Qila Kuhna, Qasim Bagh.
  2. Hazrat Shah Ruknuddin Alam Suharwardy, Qasim bagh.
  3. Hazrat Pir Sadaruddin Arif, Qasim Bagh.
  4. Hazrat Pir Mudabbir Shah Bukhari, Qasim Bagh.
  5. Hazrat Maulana Hamid Ali Khan, Qasim Bagh.
  6. Hazrat Syed Sakhee Shah Hassan Parwana, Hassan Parwana Road.
  7. Hazrat Shah Shams sabzwari, Shah Shams Road.
  8. Hazrat Pir Masoom Shah Bukhari, Masoom Shah Road.
  9. Hazrat Hafiz Jamalullah Hafiz, jamai Road.
  10. Hazrat Shah Yousaf Gardaz, inside Bohar Gate.
  11. Hazrat Adham Shah Almaroof Pir Nou gaz, Moh. Dhundan, Androon Bohar gate.
  12. Hazrat Pir Burhanuddin, Qabrastan Pir Karam Shah, Circular Road, Almaroof Pir athara Ghaz Beroon Bohar Gate.
  13. Hazrat Muhabbat Shah Bukhari, Tehsil Road, Bagh Langay Khan.
  14. Hazrat Syed Musa pak Shaheed, Mohela Glariyan, inside Pak Gate.
  15. Hazrat Pir Nawab Sakhee, inside Pak Gate.
  16. Hazrat Pir Makhdoom Shaukat Hussain Gilani, darbar Pir Musa Pak Shaheed, inside Pak Gate.
  17. Hazrat Pir Inayat Walayat, Moh. Glariyan, Androon Pak Gate.
  18. Hazrat Maulana Ahmed Saeed kazmi, Shahi Eid Gah, Khanewal Road.
  19. Hazrat Pir Wali Muhammad Shah Almaroof Chader Wali Sarkar Main Road, Hasan Parwana Colony.
  20. Hazrat Bibi Rasti Pak Daman, Qabrastan Pak Mai, Opp City Railway Station.
  21. Hazrat Pir Muhammad Umar, Qabristan Pir Umer, Shahrah-e-RashidHazrat Baba Abdul Rasheed Zikria, Chowk Bazar
  22. Hazrat Shah Dana Shaheed, Moh. Kangraan, Androon Delhi Gate.
  23. Hazrat Pir Hussain Aagahi , Bazar Hussain Aagahi.
  24. Hazrat Pir kaley Shah Bazar, Kaley mandi.
  25. Hazrat Shayedi Lal Sahib, Moh. Shayedi Lal, Near City Railway Station.
  26. Hazrat Baba Gharib Shah, Sher Shah Road.
  27. Hazrat Sher Shah Suharwardy, Chenab Road, Sher Shah.

Lyallpur Museum is a heritage museum in Faisalabad, Pakistan ( the old and original name for the city of Faisalabad is Lyallpur). It has 10 galleries which show the ancient and modern history and culture of Lyallpur/Faisalabad. It was established in 2011 by the Chief

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Sawi mosque is supposed to be one of the oldest mosques, which still exists though it has no roof now and most of its decorations have been damaged; glazed blue tiles were profusely used for ornamentation. Parts are still intact.

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Gatwala Wildlife Park is a wildlife park, botanical garden and breeding center located in the town of Gatwala in Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan. It is situated near Khurrianwala and 140 kilometres (87 mi) away from Lahore Zoo. Gatwala Forest Park is a huge compound

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The tomb of sharf un Nissa Begum is populary known as “Saru Wala Maqbara” because of the images of cypress (Saru) trees on its walls. Sharf un Nissa was the sister of a Mughal noble.

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This mosque is located in the Main Bazaar (now called Chowk Bazaar) of the city. It was named so because it was located in the midst of the flower sellers' bazaar. The story recorded in a book titled "Early History of Multan" says that the Mughal Emperor Farrukh Sher(1713-1718 AD) on his visit to Multan, being childless, asked a fakir to pray on his behalf, that he might be blessed with a male issue. The fakir prayed for him, and a son was born to the Empress. His Majesty, through the governor of Multan, presented the fakir with an offering of Rs. 80,000, and with this money the liberal minded fakir had this mosque built.

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Pharwala is a historic fort located about 40 km from Rawalpindi in Punjab, Pakistan. It is naturally defended by one side by a small Himalayan range and the other by the Swaan River. It is a Gakhar fort built in the 15th century on the ruins of a 10th-century Shahi Fort.

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Malik Ayyaz was the favorite and trusted General of Mahmud of Ghazni. He was a slave from Georgia who rose to the rank of officer and general in the army of Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni.

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This mosque is located in the Main Bazaar (now called Chowk Bazaar) of the city. It was named so because it was located in the midst of the flower sellers' bazaar. The story recorded in a book titled "Early History of Multan" says that the Mughal Emperor Farrukh Sher(1713-1718 AD) on his visit to Multan, being childless, asked a fakir to pray on his behalf, that he might be blessed with a male issue. The fakir prayed for him, and a son was born to the Empress. His Majesty, through the governor of Multan, presented the fakir with an offering of Rs. 80,000, and with this money the liberal minded fakir had this mosque built.

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Narar, also called Narh, is a small village located in Tehsil Kahuta, District Rawalpindi, Punjab. The village is almost 60 KM from Capital Islamabad in southeast. It takes nearly 2.5 hours to reach Narar from Islamabad or Rawalpindi.

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Wazir Khan's Baradari is one of the finest and largest of the genre, and is in well preserved state. It is perched between the Punjab Public Library (PPL), National College of Arts (NCA) and the Lahore Museum

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