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The Empress Noor Jehan, “Light of the World” , was the only Mughal empress whose name appeared on the coins of Empire. She was buried in 1645 at Shahara outside Jehangir’s Meusloeum across the railway line.

Her tomb once had a marble cenotaph, which she had built herself during her lifetime. The tomb suffered extensive damages along with her husband’s tomb at the hands of Sikhs when they gained power in Punjab in the beginning of the the 19th Century.

For the rise from an immigrant to become an Empress of the great Mughal empire, Nur Jahan was one of the most influential women of her era. Nur Jahan's illustrious reign (1611-1627) saw her effectively shape the expanding Mughal Empire, along with her immense contributions to religion and flourishing overseas trade. Mehr-un-Nissa was first married at the age of 17 to a Persian adventurer named Sher Afghan Ali Quli Khan Istajlu, who was renowned for his brilliant military career, and from whom she bore a daughter, Ladli Begum Having survived Jahangir by 18 years, she died at the age of 72 years and the mausoleum was most probably constructed during her lifetime. The mausoleum is located in Shahdara Bagh, not far from the tomb of Jahangir.

As with the tomb of Asif Khan, Nur Jahan's tomb was stripped of its ornamental stones and marble during the occupation of Lahore by the army of Ranjit Singh, and the crypt which contained the queen and her daughter were ordered to be opened.

Architecture

The whole mausoleum is surrounded by Mughal gardens. Unlike her father's tomb (tomb of I'timād-ud-Daulah), which was constructed in white marble, Nur Jahan's mausoleum is primarily clad in red sandstone.

Standing on a platform of 158 square feet the tomb measures 124 square feet and 19.6 feet high. The vaulted ceilings were covered with marble and wrought with flowermosaics in semi-precious stones. Minute paneling was executed in intricate patterns and cornices are honeycomb shaped in several rooms. The inner floor is covered with marble and the outer platform with sandstone. The exterior, encased in red sandstone, was inlaid with floral motifs in addition to white, black and yellow marble. Turtle The central vaulted chamber of the tomb contains a marble platform with two cenotaphs, one that commemorates Nur Jahan and the other to commemorate her daughter, Ladli Begum. Built by Hakim Ajmal, Khan of Delhi in 1912, the original marble sarcophagus bears ornate workmanship and the name of Allah, in the same style and size as seen in the tombs of Jahangir and Asif Khan. On her tomb is inscribed an epitaph: “On the grave of this poor stranger, let there be neither lamp nor rose. Let neither butterfly’s wing burn nor nightingale sing”.


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