Machiara National Park is situated in the North of the AJK, at about 35 km north to Muzaffarabad. Machiara National Park is present on the left side of the Neelum River of the Neelum valley and is also linked to Kaghan valley of the NWFP.
It is located on longitude 73o - 37 E and latitude 34o - 31 N in Azad Jammu and Kashmir and was up-graded from game reserves to National Park in 1996, covering an area of 33437 acres between 1300 m to 4735 m. Due to the height from sea level and annual average rainfall, different types of the ecosystem and forests are found in Machiara, which include moist, dry temperate and dry coniferous forests. This area is blessed with mixed fauna of Palearctic and Oriental Zoogeographical region. Pinus wallichiana, Pinus roxburghii, Cedrus deodara, Abies pindrow, Aesculus indica, Juglans regia and Prunus pardus are the most important and familiar trees of the park. Some of the very important and globally threatened species of animals including Panthera uncia, Moschus moschiferus, Selenarctos thibetanus and Tragopan melanocephalus.
In Pakistan, it is very adaptable to all kinds of the arid, rocky and hilly country ascending to the higher mountain valleys of the inner Himalayas ranges and bare, arid hillside of the Punjab and western Himalayas.
In AJK, it inhabits barren, stony, sparse scrub covered hillsides, ravines and neighborhood of the river valley. In AJK, so for no study work has been conducted on the Alectoris chukar. The present study conducted in Machiara National Park is the first step in this connection and is aimed at to explore the current distribution, population status and habitat utilization of Alectoris chukar in Machiara National Park (MNP) and to find out the factors affecting the population of this bird.
Different kinds of species are found in this park like Western Tragopan, Melanocephalus, Cheer pheasants catreus wallichi, white cheeked-tit Aegithalos leucogeny’s, Brooke’s leaf-warbler and many others. Machiara National Park is the world’s famous global park. This park was selected with two other parks for a project called global environmental facility.
Machiara National Park is a home for many animals like leopards, wolves, monkeys, lions and tigers. There are working and guiding staff which helps you to visit the safest parts and corners of the park. Like you don’t know when a lion or a tiger comes in front of you and it will attack on you. The monkeys used to live and hide themselves in the bushes of the trees. Monkeys are sometimes friendly but they are the most irritating creature in the world. Snow leopards are also found there and they live on the Snow Mountains.
To Save Natural Resources
This park is the major key for the natural resources. The park has variety of natural resources and the working staff of the park looked after the resources and they explore them. There are Mountains and snow Mountains as well which looks magnificent and amazing. The people living around the park try to save the animals which are threatened and they are very sympathetic towards the animals. There are so many things in this park which you have never seen before.