Baba Sain Mir Mohammed Sahib popularly known as Mian Mir or Miyan Mir, was a famous Sufi Muslimsaint who resided in Lahore, specifically in the town of Dharampura (in present-day Pakistan).
He was a direct descendant of Caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab. He belonged to the Qadiri order of Sufism. He is famous for being a spiritual instructor of Dara Shiko, the eldest son of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. He is identified as the founder of the Mian Khail branch of the Qadiri order. His younger sister Bibi Jamal Khatun was a disciple of his and a notable Sufi saint in her own right
Across the road to the east of tomb of Hazrat Mian Mir, is a large chahar bagh (four-quartered garden or paradisiacal garden) in the centre of which stands the serene tomb of Nadira Begam.
The whole area is known as Mian Mir after the saint, and in fact the cantonment close by established by the British in 1852 was originally given the name of Mian Mir Cantonment—a tradition of naming after historic structures of the Mughal period when the first British cantonment was established as Anarkali Cantonment named after the famous Mughal tomb of Anarkali.
The 16th century saint Mir Mohammad or Hazrat Mian Mir Sindhi Qadri (1531 - 1635), sometimes also referred to as Mian Mir Bala Fir Lahori, hailed from Siwistan, with a distinguished lineage traced back to Hazrat Umar, the second caliph of Islam.
The impressive doorway of soft pink stone embellished with ceramic tiles leads into an enormous courtyard, dominated by a large tree, through the foliage of which the Mughal tomb carrying an unusual roof is visible. The sepulcher itself is placed on a raised white marble platform carrying delicate inlay patterns. The steps lead up to the square structure, with overhanging chajja (eaves), which carries the remains of the celebrated saint. Although, some renovation is in evidence, the tomb surfaces are beautifully embellished with the fine Mughal fresco and ceramic tile work with fretwork screens spanning the openings.
On the west of the enclosure stands a 5-bay mosque roofed with comparatively shallow cupolas, rendered in a combination of pink and white—this is the historic mosque said to be of the same ancient vintage as the tomb. Several cloisters line the western and southern boundary of the enclosure, and enormous trees and a multitude of pigeons creating a hushed and secluded world.
The saint arrived in Lahore at the age of 25 during the reign of Emperor Akbar. He went through a long period of self-denial—which, it is said, extended to 40 years—when he would not sleep the whole night and would fast for a whole week at a time, sometimes prolonging the fast to a whole month. His piety and practice of meditation and detachment endowed him with a legendary status and it was widely believed that in virtue, beneficence and learning he had no equal. He was fond of religious, devotional music—the sama'a—as well as the local ragas.
Among his most devout disciples was the poet-prince Dara Shikoh, who has narrated at length the extraordinary powers of the saint, and his habit of shunning the world to engage himself in meditation in seclusion and wilderness.
Dara Shikoh's father Shah Jahan also held the saint in great esteem. The emperor twice paid his respects to the saint when on his royal tour of Lahore, and being conscious of the saint's indifference to worldly wealth, presented him with simple gifts of a rosary and turban of white cloth.
Hazrat Mian Mir died in the reign of Shah Jahan, in Mohallah Khawafipura. It was Prince Dara Shikoh who buried him in the present tomb and began its construction, in an area which at that time was known as Darapur established by the prince himself and named after him.
After having lived a long life of piety and virtuosity, Hazrat Mian Mir died on 22 August 1635 (7 Rabi' al-awwal, 1045 according to the Islamic Calendar). He was eighty-eight years old.
His funeral oration was read by Mughal prince Dara Shikoh, who was a highly devoted disciple of the Saint.
He was buried at a place which was about a mile from Lahore near Alamganj, that is at the south-east of the city. Hazrat Mian Mir's spiritual successor was Hazrat Mullah Shah Badakhshi. Hazrat Mian Mir's Mazar (Mausoleum) still attracts hundreds of devotees each day and he is revered by many Sikhs as well as Muslims.
The tomb's architecture still remains quite intact to this day.
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