Jamshoro is a city and capital of Jamshoro District, Sindh, Pakistan. Jamshoro, the site of largest University residential campus in the country, situated about 18 kilometers from Hyderabad on the right bank of River Indus, was a rather desolate hilly track until 1955 when
it was selected for the establishment of Sindh University Campus. The site was selected to be a University township away from the humdrum of Hyderabad city which lacked room to meet the ambitious expansion programs of the University.
Interestingly, Jamshoro is virtually the gate-way to the Indus Valley, now world famous for its civilization and rich cultural heritage. The Ranikot Fort is located 40 km. to the north of the campus, in the northward continuation of the same hilly track which become Laki Ranges, merging with the Khirthars northwards. Amri, an important archeological site, lies about 15 km. further north. Sehwan, a well known township lies 25 km. to the north of Amri. Mancher Lake the largest fresh water lake in the region, is situated to the west north west of Sehwan. Travelling about 150 km. north through the Indus plains brings one to the site of Moen-jo-Daro, the most important archeological discovery of the Valley.
The development programs initiated in 1959 have gradually though slowly borne fruit. Though still in progress, over the years about 20 teaching blocks, housing 39 institutes departments and centers have been constructed. Five halls of students residence provide accommodation for about 1800 students. A beautiful pavilion-the Hyder Bux Jatoi Pavilion has been constructed to provide indoor games facility, track for athletics and sports grounds. Fatima Jinnah Gymnasium provides games and sports facility exclusively for girls. The Institute of Sindhology building, depicting the cultural heritage of Sindh, adores the entrance to the campus from the Highway. The imposing central library building, named after Late Allama I. I.Kazi, the first Vice-chancellor of the University at Hyderabad, who conceptualized this campus, serves as a land mark even from a distance.The campus itself has been named as Allama I.I. Kazi Campus as a tribute to the great scholar and visionary.
Ranikot Fort is a historical fort near Sann, Jamshoro District, Sindh, Pakistan. Ranikot Fort is also known as The Great Wall of Sindh and is believed to be the world's largest fort with a circumference of approximately 26 kilometres (16 mi). Since 1993, it has been on the tentative list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Archaeologists point to 17th century as its time of first construction but now Sindh archaeologists agree that some of the present structure was reconstructed by Mir Karam Ali Khan Talpur Baloch and his brother Mir Murad Ali Baloch in 1812 at a cost of 1.2 million rupees (Sindh Gazetteer, 677).
The district borders Dadu district to the north. To the east, the Indus separates it from Nawab Shah, Matyari and Hyderabad districts. Thatta district lies to the south, and Karachi district to the south west. To the west, the Kheerthar Range separates it from the Sindh and Lasbela district of Baluchistan.
Following are the demographic indicators of the district, The population of the district is according to 1,452,351 Population 2015.
- Islam: 95.50%
- Hinduism: 4.30%
- Others: 0.20%
- Sindhi: 97.50%
- Urdu: 0.30%
- Others language :1.60% Pashto Saraiki Punjabi Bihari Brahui & Others Language.
In summer, the northern part (Sehwan) is hotter than that of other parts of the district and normally cool in winter.
The district is rich in limestone, salika sand, gravels, silt, and marble. These minerals are found in Taluka Thano Bula Khan and Sehwan. Coal is obtained from Lakhra Taluka Manjhand.