Baha-ud-din Zakariya (1170-1267), also spelled as Bahauddin Zakariya, and also known as Baha-ul-Haq and Hazrat Bahauddin Zakariya Multani (Rahmatullah Alaih), was a Sufi of Suhrawardiyya order (tariqa). His full name was Abu Muhammad Bahauddin Zakariya.

He was from the lineage of Hadhrat Asad Ibn Hashim hence Hashmi. Sheikh Baha-ud-Din Zakariya was born at Kot Kehror (Karor Lal Esan), a town of the Layyah District near Multan, Punjab, Pakistan, around 1170. His grandfather Shah Kamaluddin Ali Shah Qureshi arrived in Multan from Meccaen route to Khwarezm where he stayed for a short while.

In Tariqat he was the disciple of renowned Sufi master Shaikh Shahab al-Din Suhrawardi who awarded him Khilafat only after 17 days of stay at his khangah in Baghdad. For fifteen years, he travelled to different cities in order to preach islam and finally settled in Multan in 1222.

His shrine

Baha-ud-Din Zakariya died in 1268 and his mausoleum (Darbar) is located in Multan. The mausoleum is a square of 51 ft 9 in (15.77 m), measured internally. Above this is an octagon, about half the height of the square, which is surmounted by a hemispherical dome. The mausoleum was almost completely ruined during the Siege of Multan in 1848 by the British, but was soon afterward restored by Muslims.

Descendants

Baha-ud-din Zakariya had seven sons who gained fame in their own right as great Sufis - Shaykh Sadruddin Arif, Shaykh Burhanuddin, Shaykh Ziauddin, Shaykh Alauddin, Shaykh Qudrat-ud-din, Shaykh Shahab-ud-din, and Shaykh Shams-ud-din. Shaykh Sadruddin Arif's son was the famous Sufi Shaykh Abul Fath Ruknuddin, also known as Shah Rukn-e-Alam. His progeny dispersed all over Indian subcontinent during the coming centuries and produced many famous people in all walks of life and scholarship. Today his descendants are found in Multan, Karor Lal Esan, Islamabad, Rawalpindi, Qureshi Morh (Dera Ismail Khan), Shaykh Yusuf (Dera Ismail Khan), Main City (Dera Ismail Khan), Near Gomal University (Dera Ismail Khan), Paniala (Dera Ismail Khan), Gujrat, Gujar Khan, Watli (Chakwal), Pir Khara (Chakwal), Karoli Piran (Chakwal), Pail Piran (Khushab), Tibba Qaim Din (Khushab), Bhera (Sargodha), Purmiana (Attock), Lahore, and Hazara. In Hazara, Sufi saint Hazrat Mian Mohammad Niaz, forefather of Hazrat Qazi Mir Aalam Qureshi, is buried in Basian Berote Kalan. His descendants are also found in India in the cities ofDelhi, Meerut, and Allahabad. Since the independence of Pakistan in 1947 many of his descendants from India have migrated toKhushab, Bhakkar, Layyah, Mianwali. Some of his descendants use Hashmi while some use Qureshi with their name. Some of his descendants use as Qureshi Hashmi. Makhdoom Pir Javed shah Hashmi is the current Sajjada Nashin of Darbar Hazrat Baha-ud-din Zakariya.

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