On 16th March, 2016 Pakistan Climate Change Act was passed by the Parliament of Pakistan and then the Senate of Pakistan; with an objective to help the country progress and attain sustainable goals. New institutions were formed: the Pakistan Climate Change Council, Pakistan Climate Change Authority and Pakistan Climate Change Fund. Elaborating the role of the new institutions, Zahid Hamid Federal Minister for Climate Change, said that; Climate Change Council will be chaired by the prime minister, chief secretaries of Gilgit-Baltistan and AJK and representatives of non-governmental organizations, scientists and researchers as its members. No doubt it was a historic moment that such a good initiative was taken by the government for the first time; to reduce the dire effects of climate change.

Zahid Hamid said Pakistan was now the seventh most vulnerable country to impacts of climate change. But the question that now arises is that, the rapid development, which is now taking place now, will give the country the same position? There will be obstacles for the government to fully implement the climate change policy. Developments are mixed blessings, it can facilitate the country but along with that it has a darker side as well; if careful measures are not taken. For instance installing if a fossil fuel power plant will benefit the people; but on the other hand it will be equally disadvantageous for the people. So therefore the government has to find the alternatives such as solar energy and wind energy, which can plug the gap.

How can Pakistan implement Climate Change Act

Although many bills have been passed by the national assembly but the question that arises in one’s mind is that how can be it implemented? Moreover it will be a challenge both for the civil society and international community to change the political will into real practice. This wide range of issues can be addressed through a systematic way; if the government works with the civil society and international organizations.
Role of Civil Society
Civil society can play a vital role in pushing the government to meet the standards of Paris Agreement. Apart from that the civil society allows common man through transparency and check and balance system. In case of Pakistan the civil society has more contribution in research works on various issues vis-à-vis the government. These research works can assist the government to aggrandize its effort, to overcome this challenge.
A way forward for Pakistan
First of all the government must be sincere in enforcing Pakistan Climate Change Act 2016, to meet the standards of Paris agreement. And rather than forming new federal bodies, the government should support the provinces in implementing climate change policy. Because it will not only help the provincial governments to enhance in their capability; but it will also help them to take quick decisions. Moreover the provincial governments should establish their setups in every district; especially those, which are close to dams, rivers and glaciers. This will help in disaster preparedness and moreover, early warning system must be initiated in highly sensitive areas to overcome any dire event.

The next step that government must take is that, it should only allow licensed industries to operate in the country. And along with that there should be hard check and balance system on industrial units. Industrial zones should not be established in those areas which have high sensitivity for climate change; for instance those areas, which have glaciers. And industrial zones must be established far from residential areas.

More efforts should be made in the areas like Gilgit-Baltistan and Chitral, which have biggest glaciers and rivers. And once the roads are disconnected due to any disaster in these areas; there is no alternative route for their mobilization. Thus the provincial government of Gilgit-Baltistan must be facilitated with more resources and power; rather than taking decisions from the federal; which only delays the process.

The government of Pakistan alone cannot gain the ultimate goals. Cooperation with international organizations is necessary. Pakistan should pave the way for international organizations and researcher. This will allow the government to enhance its capability, knowledge and it will also help in bringing advancement in technology in the country.

By Ibrar Karim

Islamabad Widgetkit

  • Trail 7 - Saidpur Village

    Saidpur Village lies at the foothills of Margalla Hills. Following the stream, you’ll enter the valley. Saidpur trail starts from Saidpur Village and the trail will lead you to Monal Restaurant. Yet if you feel energized enough you can use the track of trail 3 to make your journey back to the

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  • Pakistan Museum of Natural History

    The Pakistan Museum of Natural History has four divisions namely Botanical Sciences, Earth Sciences, Zoological Sciences and Public Services. The first three divisions are engaged in the collection, preservation, identification and research activities pertaining

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  • Lotus Lake

    Lotus Lake, a small poll with lotus flower, Surrounded by lush green trees, covered with lotus plants and flowers, walkways and flowering trees in just past Lok Virsa, on the right.

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  • Trail 3 - Sector F-6

    This is the most popular hiking trail of Margalla Hills which is well marked and properly maintained. Trail head is located opposite Sector F-6 on Margalla Road and a dedicated parking area is available at that point. Due to proximity of various embassies, the trail is frequently visited by foreigners.

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  • Golra Sharif

    The township of Golra is situated at the foot of the Margalla Hills at a distance of about 11 miles form Rawalpindi city and to reach it take the Peshawar Road from Zero Point and turn right after 11 koilmetres (Seven miles) at the second roundabout:

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  • Japanese Park

    Japanese Park is beautiful picnic spot located on Pir Sohawa Road, Near Islamabad Zoo Pakistan. This park was gifted by Japan in December 30, 1985 for Pakistani children’s. Japanese Park is beautiful park having variety of food courts and lots of fun activities

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  • Daman-e-Koh

    The Daman-e-Koh Viewpoint (2400 ft from sea level and 500ft from the city Islamabad), perched halfway up the Margalla Hills, gives the best bird’s-eye view south over Islamabad. To get there drive or walk up from the northern end of 7th Avenue.

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  • Islamabad Zoo

    Islamabad Zoo was established in 1978 as a refuge for leopards, spotted deer, and Indian gazelle found in the region. It’s a very popular public park located near Pir Sohawa Road, Islamabad, Pakistan. Family bring their children to enjoy the view of various

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  • Fatima Jinnah Park

    Fatima Jinnah Park, also known as F-9 Park, is a public recreational park situated within the F-9 sector of Islamabad, Pakistan. The park is one of the largest covered areas in Pakistan. It is named after Fatima Jinnah,

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  • Faisal Mosque

    The Faisal Mosque is the largest mosque in Pakistan, located in the national capital city of Islamabad. The enormous Shah Faisal Mosque is superbly sited at the foot of the Margalla Hills. It represents an eight-faceted desert “tent” supported on four giant concrete girders

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  • Trail 5 - Dera Janglan

    Trail-5 or the Dera Janglan Trail is also quite popular. Earlier it was not open for the general public due to security concerns but can now be used. The start point is located few hundred metres ahead of Trail-3 opposite to Sector F-5 on Margalla Road and it leads up to Pir Sohawa Road.

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  • Lake View Park

    Lake View Park (also known as Rawal Lake View Point or Rawal Lake Promenade) is a recreational area and wildlife park located near Village Malpur Rawal Lake, on Murree Road in Islamabad, Capital Territory, Pakistan. It runs under the administration of Capital

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  • Rose and Jasmine Garden

    The main drive through the park takes you to a junction. Turn left to pass a huge modern sculpture of a star and crescent, and right a little further on for the Rose and Jasmine Garden, where the annual flower and rose shoes are held in spring. This road leads past

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  • Golra Junction

    Golra Sharif Junction railway station is located on Golra road in Islamabad, The federal capital of the Pakistan. There is also Golra Sharif Railway Museum at this station. The station lies on the main line of the Pakistan Railways which connects the rest

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  • Margalla Hills National Park

    Margalla Hills National Park (MHNP) is a national park located on the north of the Islamabad City, within the Islamabad Capital Territory in Pakistan. The park includes the Margalla Hills which form's the foothills of the Himalayas, along with Shakarparian Park and Rawal Lake.

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  • Shahdara Picnic Point

    Shahdara Village is situated in sub-rubs of Margalla Hills of Islamabad. It is 10 km away from President House in North-East and in the North of Barakhao. The well-known Quaid-e-Azam University of Islamabad is near Shahdara Village. Climate of Shahdara

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  • Saidpur Village

    Saidpur is a Mughal-era village on the slopes of the Margalla Hills. Saidpur Village is less than One kilometres (half a mile) from Margalla Hills Road opposite sector F-6, Near Daman-e-Koh Viewpoint. The village has the footprints of various

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  • Trail 1 - Kalinger / Sinyari

    It starts behind Sectors E-8 and E-9 and consists of three interlinked sub-trails. Easiest way to the trail head is by reaching village Kalinger from the junction of Agha Shahi Avenue and National Defence University. Hiking can be commenced from a small mazar complex in village Kalinger.

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  • Lok Virsa Museum

    Lok Virsa (Nation Institute of Folk Heritage), established in 1974 is a specialized organization with a mandate for field research, collection, cultural studies, oral traditions, folklore indigenous

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  • National Monument

    The Pakistan Monument is a national monument and heritage museum located on the Shakarparian Hills in Islamabad, Pakistan, aimed to symbolise national unity. The complex covers an area of 2.8 hectares and is a popular picnic destination.

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  • Sports Complex

    Pakistan Sports Board was established under the Ministry of Education through the Sports (Development and Control) Ordinance, 1962 as a corporate body for the purposes of

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  • Trail 6 - Chak Jabbi

    Trail-6 or the Chak Jabbi Trail is one of the latest trails that has officially been recognized and made available to general public after necessary works. Trail head is located at the rear of Faisal Mosque near car parking. It is about 4km long and leads up to Village Jabbi.

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  • Trail 2 - Damn-e-Koh / Zoo

    Among all the six officially recognized trails, Trail-2 leading up to Damn-e-Koh is the shortest. It has two distinct trail heads. First is located at a narrow dirt track astride Marghazar Zoo. Alternately, a well-marked trail head is present at the start of Pir Sohawa Road, short of Trail-4 parking area.

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  • Bari Imam

    Bari Imam (1617–1705), whose real name was Shah Abdul Latif Kazmi, was born in 1026 Hijra (1617 AD) in Chakwal. His father, Syed Mehmood Shah, shifted his family from Chakwal District(Village Karsal) to Baghan village,

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  • Pir Sohawa

    Pir Sohawa is a highland picturesque rural sight, at an altitude of 5000 feet (1524 meters) ana a rapidly developing tourist resort located 17 kilometers (11 miles), located near Islamabad (the capital of Pakistan) on top of Margalla Hills. Many people think

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  • Trail 4 - Dhok Jeevan

    This trail starts from an appropriately marked parking area at the start of Pir Sohawa Road. It is looping around the local mountain village called ‘Dhok Jeevan’ with the same start and finish point. Trail-4 is linked laterally with Trail-6 through a well marked path.

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  • Shakarparian Hills

    The East and West viewpoint in Shakarparian Park, on a low hill between Islamabad and Rawalpindi, offer the most photogenic view of Islamabad and the Margalla Hills behind. You can get there either from the road to the airport, about one kilometres

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We tally up the Pakistan’s most-visited attractions, and gathered the most recent data supplied by the attractions themselves or from government agencies, industry reports, and reputable media outlets. We defined “tourist attractions” as cultural and historical sites, natural landmarks, and officially designated spaces.