The Badshahi Mosque is a Mughal time mosque in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. The mosque is located west of Lahore Fort and east of Samadhi of Ranjit Singh, in the outskirts of the Walled City of Lahore.
The Imperial or the Badshahi Mosque is acros the courtyard from the Alamgiri Gate of the Lahore Fort. The Mosque, made up entirely of red sandstone, was built by emperor Aurangzeb in a record time of two and a half year, and was built between 1671 and 1673. Once completed, it became world's largest mosque and remained so for 313 years until the expansion of Prophet's Mosque. However, it remain's the largest and youngest of the Mughal imperial mosques, it is also the second largest mosque in Pakistan.
It has a beautiful spacious portal which measures 21.33 metres in height and a courtyard that measures 161.5 x 160.6 metres. The marble domes cover seven prayer chambers. Four lofty minarets stand at the four corners of the mosque, each with an outer circumference of 20 metres, soaring up to 54 metres. In the chambers above the gate of the mosque, are housed relice attributed to the Holy Prophet of Islam (Peace be Upon Him), his daughter and his son-in-law. These are said to have been brought t south Asia by Amir Taimur. Within the Mosque, almost all the colours have been used to paint the floral designs but the overall effect remains one of sobriety, elegance, piousness and simplicity.
Incorporating a traditional Mughal architecture, the mosque's exterior is decorated with strong stone carving and marble inlay on red sandstone. Since the mosque's construction, it has been used by Sikh Empire and the British Empire as a garrison. The mosque was repaired between 1939 and 1960. It is widely considered to be one of Lahore's most iconic landmarks, and is a major tourist attraction.